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Lac Tumba Landscape
© Christian Mpassi/WWF-DRC

The Lake Tumba landscape covers 126,440km², shared between the DRC and the Republic of Congo. It is made up mainly of marshes, seasonally flooded forests and meadows. It is home to the largest Ramsar freshwater wetland of international importance. The forest of Lake Tumba is world’s largest swamp forest and world’s second largest wetland area.

Some 2 million people depend on the landscape’s water, forests and swamps. The area also plays a role in controlling climate change and provides a source of hydropower.

© Christian Mpassi
Species found in the landscape

- Primates including the bonobo, chimpanzee, Angolan colobus, Allen’s swamp monkey, black mangabey, red-tailed monkey, and de Brazza’s monkey, forest elephant, forest buffalo, Leopard, Many species of fish, three types of crocodile and Hippopotamus
- Habitats consist of open watercourses, forests, forest-savannah mosaics, wetlands and swamp forests.

The program works to conserve flagship species and forest ecosystems as part of a green economy model for sustainable development.

© Christian Mpassi/WWF-DRC
Objectives & Interventions


- Conserve the forest and wetlands of the landscape and their biodiversity through integrated management of lands and natural resources
- Contribute to the socio-economic development of local people through alternatives to unsustainable exploitation of resources
- Give local people more control over their natural resources by participating in the decentralization process and natural resource management


- Community mapping
- Creation and effective management of protected areas
- Sustainable forest management and forest certification
- Macro and micro zoning
- Sustainable community natural resource management and alternative    livelihoods
- Sustainable fishery management
- Bonobo habituation programme, which is now integrated in an eco-tourism programme

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