Research shows increase in concern from people living in biodiversity hotspots as government action deemed inefficient
Montreal, Canada (29 November) – In the face of accelerating biodiversity loss and growing food insecurity, WWF is urging world leaders to secure an ambitious global agreement to save our life support systems at the COP15 UN biodiversity conference set to start next week in Montreal (7-19 December).
Nature is declining at rates unprecedented in human history, with one million species now threatened with extinction. People are becoming increasingly aware of this crisis. New WWF research published today shows the amount of people concerned about rapid nature loss in the world’s top global biodiversity hotspots, has risen to nearly 60% – reflecting a 10% increase, since 2018*. In addition, nature and climate change were seen as the most important policy areas for people (81%), across the thousands surveyed.
WWF will be pressing governments in Montreal to adopt a ‘Paris’-style agreement capable of driving immediate action to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030 for a nature-positive world. This means having more nature at the end of the decade, than we have now.
To date, more than 90 world leaders have endorsed the Leaders’ Pledge for Nature, committing to reverse biodiversity loss by 2030.
“We are losing biodiversity at an alarming rate. We’ve lost half of the world’s warm water corals, and forests the size of roughly one football field vanish every two seconds**. Wildlife populations have suffered a two-thirds decline globally in less than 50 years. The future of the natural world is on a knife’s edge. But nature is resilient – and with a strong global agreement driving urgent action it can bounce-back…” says Marco Lambertini, Director General, WWF International.
“Nature holds the answers to many of the world’s most pressing challenges. Failure at COP15 is not an option. It would place us at increased risk from pandemics, exacerbate climate change making it impossible to limit global warming at 1.5C, and stunt economic growth – leaving the poorest people more vulnerable to food and water insecurity. To tackle the nature crisis, governments must agree on a nature-positive goal that unites the world in protecting more of the nature left on the planet while restoring as much as possible and transforming our productive sectors to work with nature, not against it. After many pledges and commitments it’s crunch time in Montreal for leaders to deliver for people and planet.”
WWF stresses the importance of countries agreeing to a goal of conserving at least 30% of the planet’s land, inland waters and oceans by 2030 through a rights-based approach that recognizes the leadership and rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.
At the same time, action is needed to ensure the remaining 70% of the planet is sustainably managed and restored – and this means addressing the drivers of biodiversity loss, with the same level of urgency. Science is clear that global production and consumption rates are completely unsustainable and are causing serious damage to the natural systems people rely on for their livelihoods and wellbeing. WWF believes a commitment to half the global footprint of production and consumption by 2030, while recognising huge inequalities between and within countries, is desperately needed in the framework to ensure that key sectors, such as agriculture and food, fisheries, forestry, extractives and infrastructure, are transformed to help deliver a nature-positive world.
Despite a large and growing number of world leaders committing to secure an ambitious global biodiversity agreement, key issues remain unresolved, including how to mobilize the necessary finance. Currently, the biodiversity finance gap is estimated to be US$700 billion annually. WWF is calling for countries to substantially increase finance, including international public finance with developing countries as the beneficiaries, and align public and private financial flows with nature-positive practices, including through the elimination or repurposing of harmful subsidies and other incentives.
The talks are the finale to what has been an incredibly challenging four years of negotiations, with the pandemic delaying any agreement on the global biodiversity framework under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) until now.
“Leaders must send the message loud and clear that the existential nature crisis can, and must, be addressed at the same time as current pressing socio-economic needs. They must mandate their ministers and negotiators to translate existing commitments into ambition in the negotiation room and find common ground on tricky issues such as finance. The June round of negotiations left the chances of an ambitious nature agreement on life-support but it can still be reached if all step up to the plate in Montreal,” says Lin Li, Senior Director of Global Policy and Advocacy, WWF International.
“In 2020, we saw the devastating results of the ten-year ‘Aichi Targets’ – the second consecutive decade in which the world failed to meet any global biodiversity targets. We cannot afford another lost decade for nature, which would be tantamount to dereliction of duty by governments and only cause more human suffering. This means negotiators coming to the table ready to sign up to a clear blueprint to deliver the necessary finance - with developed countries supporting the conservation efforts of developing countries - and a strong implementation mechanism to hold countries to account.”
WWF notes that a strong implementation mechanism which requires countries to review progress against targets and increase action as required is an essential mechanism to ensure real action is delivered on the ground.
This proposal is underlined by WWF’s research, which found 56% of people surveyed believe government action to protect biodiversity is insufficient. The research, which surveyed more than 9200 people across regions with staggering rates of biodiversity loss, found that people also perceived policy-related actions to be more impactful than individual consumer action.
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WWF considers the below essential ingredients in an ambitious global biodiversity framework:
- A mission to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030 for a nature-positive world
- A goal to 30% of the planet’s land and water conserved by 2030 through a rights-based approach
- A commitment to halve the world’s footprint of production and consumption by 2030
- A comprehensive resource mobilization strategy to finance implementation of the framework
- A strong implementation mechanism which offers reviews and ratchets action over time, in the mold of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, with agreed indicators to measure progress
- A rights-based approach, recognizing the leadership, rights, and knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities, and a whole of society approach, enabling participation of all sectors of society throughout the implementation of the framework
- The inclusion of equitable and rights-based Nature-based Solutions alongside ecosystem-based approaches to deliver benefits for people and nature
WWF’s expectations paper for COP15 is available to read here.
WWF’s Biodiversity Awareness Study 2022
*The WWF study, funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI), surveyed 9,228 respondents from across nine countries in biodiversity hotspots, including Brazil, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, Vietnam and South Africa. The survey aimed to understand the current levels of awareness and attitudes towards biodiversity, willingness to act to protect nature and gauge the level of concern about biodiversity loss. The data was collected between 25 November - 9 December 2021 through an online quantitative survey. A summary is available to download on this webpage, and further analysis of these figures will be available here on 29 November.
**Half of the world’s warm water corals have been lost, and forests the size of football fields vanish every two seconds. Living Planet Report 2022. We're currently losing around 100,000 sq km of forest per year, or roughly one football pitch every two seconds. In the most recent five-year period (2015–2020), the annual rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million ha, down from 12 million ha in 2010–2015. & pers calculation football pitch size of 7,000 sq m. FAO. 2020. Source: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020: Main report. Rome. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca9825en
WWF light projection at the Palais de Justice (Montreal Courthouse)
For the three days ahead of COP15, WWF is showing a spectacular light projection at the Palais de Justice (Montreal Courthouse), 1 Notre Dame East, located behind Montreal city hall in the Old Montreal area. The projection includes a series of graphics of nature and people that aim to heighten people's awareness of the once in a decade opportunity that COP15 brings to secure an ambitious global biodiversity agreement. All are invited to come along, take photographs and utilize in reporting. Projections will run on 5th, 6th and 7th December from 17:00 - 23:00 local time. Insert H2Y 1B6 into GPS devices for exact location.
WWF is an independent conservation organization, with over 30 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the Earth's natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. Visit www.panda.org/news for the latest news and media resources and follow us on Twitter @WWF_media.
UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) COP15
Originally signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, the Convention on Biological Diversity is dedicated to promoting sustainable development. There are now 196 Parties to the CBD, which has a 2050 vision to achieve a world that is ‘living in harmony with nature’. Between 3-5 December, an Open-Ended Working Group-5 will be taking place with key negotiators ahead of the 15th of Conference of Parties (COP15) between 7-19 December, both in Montreal, Canada. 10,000+ people are expected to attend the conference.